series of articles
"Colour revolutions" is a term commonly used to describe some related socio-political events taken place in the world in the late XX – early XXI centuries.
Characteristic features of colour revolutions are mass rallies, protest marches, and strikes which are held by losing opposition after the announcement of the results of elections.
The object of colour revolutions is not just change of the power elite with its geopolitical orientation, but fundamental change of the state foundation.
As for a coup to be successfully conducted, it is rather important to create an unfavorable image of the in-power-head of a state, or the opponent for the upcoming elections. A few weeks before the elections all of the opposition organizations, groups of protest, liberal circles and alliances, leaning on the potential of supporters from abroad, including financial ones, become more active.
The motive power for the coup is youth with its undeveloped views, as well as women`s and trade union organizations. The funds, equipment, professional consultants, and instructors are allotted to prepare such "attack". The arranging of mass rallies in capital cities becomes a decisive stage of the operation. Subsequently the blockade or non-violent seizure of power institutions and authorized mass media is implemented, then tent camps arranging follows and the life gets paralyzed. Disabled by non-violent methods and information pressure from world powers and global media the security forces have to stay apart from the ongoing events, i.e. the army cannot shoot its people! A decisive role in success of a colour revolution is in inertness of the power structures and the High Court which under pressure of street pickets are forced to adjudicate on the illegality of the authorities` actions.
A "colour" candidate triumphantly (although illegally) proclaims himself the new head of the state, whereas the West confidently declares the recognition of the victory of democracy.
Exactly by the instigation of the forces in the game, not as a result of free expression of popular will, within the frames of dubious "democratic principles" dictated by the "world community" (not the existing legislation of concrete countries) so called "revolutions" were conducted in Georgia and the Ukraine.
Typical for this is also worsening of the economic situation in the countries where colour revolutions after "the democracy victory" took place.
The first colour revolutions were the "Velvet Revolution" – bloodless overthrow of the Communist regime in Czechoslovakia in 1989, where the former dissident Vaclav Havel was elected the new president. Another example was the Singing Revolutions in Baltic countries in 1989-1990s pulled Letts, Estonians, and Lithuanians out of arms of the Soviet Union.
October 2001 – in Serbia after 12 years of power of the President Slobodan Milosevic was ousted from the state.
The further point is Georgia – in 2003 – Eduard Shevardnadze was ousted as a result of the Rose Revolution.
At last, the Ukraine of 2004, where the Orange Revolution brought Viktor Yushchenko to power.
Then Kirghizia came. In March 2005 as a result of the Tulip Revolution the President Askar Akayev voluntarily left power and quitted the country.
Attempts for political upheavals in Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan in 2005 and Belarus in 2006, failed.
What did the "colour revolutions" turn for Russia out?
1. A potentially feasible scenario of power shift was demonstrated.
2. The change in number of regimes led to erosion of integration and defense schemes, "falling out" strategically important links for Russia in Western, Caucasian and Central Asian directions of Russian foreign policy.
3. The first steps of "colour" regimes led to complication of Russian hydrocarbons exporting process and implementation of energy transit flows through the territory of Russia for further access to the European markets.
4. The relations with a number of colour regimes led the parties to the conflict interaction with the subsequent maintenance of information and psychological warfare.
"Colour revolutions" demonstrated innovation power conquest technologies for all countries of by peaceful means and through peaceful forms and at the first stage of revolutions, in some extend, even under the laws of the country. Ultimately, the "colour revolutions" do not lead to anything positive, either in economy or politics.